Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels in an individual. It often leads to several health issues, including eye problems. If you suffer from diabetes, your primary concern is developing diabetic retinopathy, a condition that may ultimately cause vision loss.

For the early detection of this disease, it is best to undergo a diabetic eye exam regularly. Here are the things you can expect when visiting a doctor:


Before starting your checkup, your eye care specialist will ask you about your medical history to learn about any other condition, besides diabetes, that may affect your eye health. Your doctor may also test your vision by having you read a chart.

Dilated Eye Examination

Your eye care specialist will look at your retina and check for signs of diabetic retinopathy using an ophthalmoscope. However, this type of exam may not show all the features of diabetic retinopathy. To have a more detailed examination of your eyes, your doctor will conduct a comprehensive dilated eye exam.

This procedure involves the administration of a special type of eye drop to dilate your pupils. This will allow your doctor to view your retina more closely using lenses and a slit lamp. During the exam, your doctor will look for signs of irregularity in your eyes, such as the following:

  • Abnormal Blood Vessels
  • Swelling
  • Blood or Fatty Deposits in the Retina
  • Retinal Detachment

The exam might also include a check for signs of glaucoma and cataracts. These diseases frequently occur in individuals who have diabetes.

Optical Coherence Tomography

For a more thorough examination, your doctor may request an optical coherence tomography test. This involves taking cross-sectional photos of your retinas, which will also show their thickness. Any irregularities in the width may indicate that fluid from damaged blood vessels has leaked into your retinal tissue.

Visit a Professional Today

Turn to our experienced eye care specialists at Primary Eyecare and Optical of Meridian in Meridian, MS for a comprehensive eye exam. We also offer other procedures to provide you with the best optical care possible. Schedule an appointment with one of our doctors today.